Committees

You can find information about the committees available at the conference of 2017 below. This information includes a general description and the topics that have been chosen for each committee. Further information (such as country allocation and study guides) will be distributed once the first day of the conference approaches. Please feel free to send an e-mail to our Secretary at info@unisca.org if you have any questions left.

   Security Council

Under the Charter of the United Nations, signed on 26 June 1945, in San Francisco, at the conclusion of the United Nations Conference on International Organization, the Security Council has primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security. In the Security Council each Member has one vote. Under the Charter, all Member States are obligated to comply with Security Council decisions.

The Security Council takes the lead in determining the existence of a threat to the peace or an act of aggression. It calls upon the parties to a dispute to settle it peacefully and recommends methods of adjustment or terms of settlement. In some cases, the Security Council can resort to imposing sanctions or even authorize the use of force to maintain or restore international peace and security.
Yemen is one of the Arab world's poorest countries. Currently it is being devastated by a war between forces loyal to the internationally recognised government of President Abdrabbuh Mansour Hadi and those allied to the Houthi rebel movement. There have been more than 6,800 people killed and over 35,000 injured as a result of the fighting and airstrikes. The conflict has also triggered a humanitarian disaster, leaving 80 per cent of the population in need of aid. Numbers from the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs show us there are 3.11 million internally displaced persons and returnees and 14,12 million food insecure people. What is happening in Yemen can greatly exacerbate regional tensions, which are already at a high point. The Security Council needs to think of ways to end the conflict and bring peace and stability to the region, through international cooperation.
During armed conflicts children are often the most vulnerable population. Therefore, they are impacted disproportionately by such conflicts. There are four areas of trouble that need to be tackled regarding children in armed conflict. These areas are: the protection of children during military operations, the use of children as instruments of violence, children in detention (because they are associated with armed groups) and attacks on children's education. International peace and security will be undermined if the rights of children are not upheld, and the lives of the world's future generations will be compromised. Therefore, the Security Council must do everything in its power to end the violations of rights of the children in armed conflicts.
South Sudan became an independent country on July 9, 2011. Since its independence, conflict has broken out between two rival forces: the Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA) loyal to President Salva Kiir and the SPLA in Opposition backing First Vice-President Riek Machar. The crisis has produced one of the world's worst displacement situations with immense suffering for civilians. The violence has caused 1,8 million internally displaced persons and has left 5,1 million people in need of humanitarian assistance. The United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) failed to fully protect the civilians in the region. The UN Security Council needs to have a more coherent approach in order to protect civilians in South-Sudan. Coordinated action is essential as well as systematic improvements in the implementation and evaluation of their peacekeeping mission.Further information on the exact form of the examination will soon be announced.
United States of America, Republic of China, Russian Federation, French Republic, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Islamic Republic of Iran, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Arab Republic of Egypt, Japan, Republic of Turkey, Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, The Kingdom of Sweden, Republic of Senegal, Italian Republic, Ukraine, Oriental Republic of Uruguay, Republic of Yemen, Republic of the Sudan, Republic of Colombia, Plurinational State of Bolivia

   DISEC

DISEC stands for Disarmament and International Security. It is the first committee of the General Assembly of the United Nations. DISEC deals with disarmament, global challenges and threats to peace that affect the international community and seeks out solutions to the challenges in the international security regime. DISEC considers all disarmament and international security matters within the scope of the Charter or relating to the powers and functions of any other organ of the United Nations; the general principles of cooperation in the maintenance of international peace and security, as well as principles governing disarmament and the regulation of armaments; promotion of cooperative arrangements and measures aimed at strengthening stability through lower levels of armaments. The Committee works in close cooperation with the United Nations Disarmament Commission and the Geneva-based Conference on Disarmament. It is the only Main Committee of the General Assembly entitled to verbatim records coverage.
The growing availability of small arms has been a major factor of the increased number of conflicts. When we look at modern day conflicts, over 80 per cent of all casualties have been civilian and 90 per cent of those are caused by small arms. The global black market for small arms trafficking is a $1-billion-a-year business. There are about 640 million small arms in circulation that kill around 500,000 people each year. Small arms are the weapon of choice for many warring parties, including government armies, rebel forces and terrorists. They fuel regional instability, whether during or after a conflict. DISEC has to think of ways to stop the expansive growth of the small arms trade in order to prevent more casualties and regional destabilization.
The Internet has become a permanent feature in the daily life of many across the world. A safe and stable cyberspace is essential for our economic vitality and international security. Cyber security focuses on protecting computers, networks, programs and data from unintended or unauthorized access, change or destruction. The global cooperation on this issue should be an inclusive process that is not led by powerful states only, but that takes into account the views of all those expected to participate equally. Members of the DISEC committee have to agree on suitable policies in order to create a safe international culture of cybersecurity and explore the options for a global response to cybercrime.
In recent years extremist groups such as ISIL and Boko Haram have heavily shaped our image of violent extremism and the debate on how to counter these threats. These (supposedly) Islamic groups spread a message of intolerance regarding religion, culture and social status, and bring devastating consequences to many regions in the world. However, Islamic extremist terrorism is not the only form of terrorism that's been troubling the world. There is also a growing threat regarding Right-Wing extremism. Right-Wing extremists are often racist, anti-federalist and fundamentalist. Although they have opposing ideologies, these terrorists groups are carrying out similar violent acts DISEC should call for a comprehensive approach encompassing not only essential security-based counter-terrorism measures, but also systematic preventive steps to address the underlying conditions that drive individuals to radicalize and join violent extremist groups.
United States of America, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Republic of Turkey, Syrian Arab Republic, Republic of Iraq, Islamic Republic of Iran, Republic of the Sudan, State of Israel, French Republic, Federal Republic of Germany, Federative Republic of Brazil, Italian Republic, Japan, Russian Federation, Canada, People’s Republic of China, Argentine Republic, United Mexican States, Arab Republic of Egypt, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

   ECOSOC

ECOSOC stands for the Economic and Social Council and it is the principal body for coordination, policy review, policy dialogue and recommendations on economic, social and environmental issues, as well as implementation of internationally agreed development goals. ECOSOC serves as the central mechanism for activities of the UN system and its specialized agencies in the economic, social and environmental fields, supervising subsidiary and expert bodies. It has 54 Members, elected by the General Assembly for overlapping three-year terms. It is the United Nations’ central platform for reflection, debate, and innovative thinking on sustainable development. The committee works in close cooperation with the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF).
The Youth Forum is held annually by ECOSOC since 2012 with the general aim to find ways in which young people can play an active role in the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Besides raising awareness in emergent issues on human rights, prosperity, sustainable production and consumption, and engaging youth, the Youth Forum is also advancing policy integration, coordinating humanitarian action, and reaching financing channels for sustainable development. The concept of “shared prosperity” was the core concept of the Youth Forum of 2017 which was held on 30th and 31st of January 2017. The delegates of the Economic and Social Council are called to reach a common consent regarding the role of youth towards shared prosperity, poverty eradication and global partnership for sustainable development.
The increasing adoption of electronic technologies across the world in combination with the planned obsolescence of the so called “out-of-date” technological devices results on the generation of 50 million metric tons of e-waste globally every year (forecast for 2018). The results of the improper disposal and treatment of discarded electrical and electronic equipment are disastrous for the human health and the environment. Even in countries with state of the art recycling methods, only as little as 25% of e-waste is recycled in formal recycling centers with adequate worker protection. The rest is either disposed improperly or exported to countries with less strict e-waste management regulations. Informal recycling markets in China, India, Pakistan, Thailand, Singapore, Nigeria, Brazil and Mexico have become some of the de-facto dumping grounds for the global e-waste. Delegates of the ECOSOC should seek consensus on how to share responsibility among electronic firms, countries, and consumers on reducing e-waste production, disposal and treatment.
A common policy towards refugees in European Union host countries does not allow them to work until their asylum permit is authorized. Studies show that reducing the waiting time even by 10 per cent would save Switzerland, for example, more than 5 million Swiss francs in social benefits and higher tax revenue. By denying employment to refugees the governments of the host countries must rely constantly on external assistance in order to survive this prolonged refugee immigration created by intractable conflicts. Instead, an alternative approach is allowing refugees to embody into the host country’s social and economic core, view them as a potential asset and reinforce them to become integrated in the community. Delegates of the ECOSOC should come in a common agreement towards possible integration policies of the refugee population focusing on high quality of life and socio economic development of the refugees and national security and resources of the host countries.
United States of America, Russian Federation, Kingdom of Norway, People’s Republic of China, Federal Republic of Germany, French Republic, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Japan, Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, Republic of India, Republic of Uganda, Socialist Republic of Vietnam, Republic of South Africa, Republic of Ghana, Czech Republic, United Mexican States, Republic of Turkey, Federative Republic of Brazil, Republic of Iraq, Lebanese Republic

   UNHRC

UNHRC stands for United Nations Human Rights Council and it is an intergovernmental body within the United Nations system responsible for strengthening the promotion and protection of human rights around the globe. UNHRC addresses situations of human rights violations and make recommendations on them. It has the ability to discuss all thematic human rights issues and situations that require its attention throughout the year. The council works in close cooperation with the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) and engages the United Nations special procedure.
Recent projections on climate change warn an increase of the population under the poverty line up to 100 million people until 2030. India prognosis on climate change alerts that 65 per cent of the country is drought prone and 12 per cent is flood prone, while in Azerbaijan climate change related droughts will likely reduce water supply by 23 per cent until 2050. Islands such as Kiribati and Tuvalu could disappear under water and along with them would also disappear government buildings, hospitals and schools, which undermine the people of these states to survival seekers and to self-determination. If the situation continue to be ignored, the impacts are going to evolve into global immigration with unpredicted economic social consequences to the immigrants and the host countries. Delegates of the Human Rights council should investigate a common action plan in order to prevent the catastrophic sequences in public health and violations of human rights at the areas that will be depleted the most if the temperature, precipitation and sea-level rising patterns do not alternate than the forecasting.
In 2001, an UN Expert Panel investigating the exploitation of natural resources in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) concluded that “conflict in the DRC has become mainly about access, control and trade of five key mineral resources: coltan, diamonds, copper, cobalt and gold”, the so called “conflict” minerals, and local rebel groups take control of the local mining industry. Untrained men and children, without proper infrastructure on site or health protection of any kind are used as miners. The development of mobile phones and computers would be impossible without the utilization of some of the “conflict” minerals. Delegates of the Human Rights council are called to investigate an action plan to expose and share responsibility among all the member states, companies and individuals regarding the tremendous elimination of human rights resulting by the global use of “conflict” minerals.
During 2009 and 2010, over 381,500 children were found working on cotton seed farms in the Indian states of Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka. For two months every year, the Uzbek government forces 1.5 to 2 million schoolchildren to miss school and help with the cotton harvest. Children live in filthy conditions, often contract illnesses and receive little to zero payment, while hunger, exhaustion and heat strokes are common. In 2006, U.S. and European clothing companies were found to maltreat children and force them to work 12 to 14 hours per day often up to seven days a week for wages as low as 6.5 cents an hour. Delegates of the Human Rights council should come into consensus in order to create awareness and share responsibility among companies, consumers and governments towards the elimination of human rights violations against children in the clothing industry.
United States of America, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Kingdom of Belgium, Federal Republic of Germany, Federative Republic of Brazil, Republic of India, Republic of the Philippines, The Netherlands, People’s Republic of China, United Arab Emirates, State of Qatar, Republic of Kenya, Republic of Ghana, People’s Republic of Bangladesh, Democratic Republic of Congo, Federal Republic of Nigeria, Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, Republic of South Africa, Republic of Ecuador, Republic of Burundi

   International Court of Justice

The International Court of Justice (ICJ) is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations (UN). It was established in June 1945 by the Charter of the United Nations and began work in April 1946. The seat of the Court is at the Peace Palace in The Hague (Netherlands). Of the six principal organs of the United Nations, it is the only one not located in New York (United States of America).

The Court’s role is to settle, in accordance with international law, legal disputes submitted to it by States and to give advisory opinions on legal questions referred to it by authorized United Nations organs and specialized agencies. See the Statute of the International Court of Justice here.
In 1992 the Israeli Embassy in Argentina's capital of Buenos Aires was bombed, two years later in 1994, the Asociación Mutual Israelita Argentina (AMIA) a Jewish community center in Buenos Aires was also bombed. With both attacks taking the lives of many and injuring even more, the attacks are considered some of the most destructive terrorist attacks on Argentinian soil.

In 2006, the prosecutors at the time accused top officials within the government of Iran for being involved with the attacks. Argentina is demanding justice, and has filed legal proceedings against Iran regarding its involvement in the Israeli Embassy and AMIA bombing. Iran refutes all accusations.
Argentina, Iran